History

Rhap Sumnal

The Center is RHAP Sumnal sponsored activity bringing together senior citizens Topaana and offering them community center where they can make friends, get support, and spend time with Sumnal youth. Sumnal is committed to improving the lives of all people of the cannon and through program RHAP, Sumnal create a community where young and old can spend time together and learn from each other. 

The humanitarian program for the elderly – Roma sponsored Sumnal brings together young people from Topaana and provides a center where they can socialize, get support and spend their time with the young Sumnal. Sumnal is dedicated to improving the lives of all people of the cannon and through this program, Sumnal created a society where young and old spend time together and learn things from each other. Macedonia, around known as Macedonia is a small country on the Balkan Peninsula in southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Serbia to the north, Albania to the west, Greece to the south and Bulgaria to the east. Macedonia is known for its solid beauty and warm hospitality. Despite its small size (approximately 900km2) and a population of only 2,000 000 Macedonians it has great diversity. According to the 2002 census in Macedonia present the following ethnicities: Macedonian 64.2 percent, 25.2 percent Albanians, Turks, 3.9 percent, 2.7 percent Roma, Serbs 1.8 percent, and 2.2 percent other population. However, despite the great diversity in Macedonia ethnic groups live in harmony side by side, although still sees the difference in skluchuvnjeto marriages and segregation. The territory of today’s Republic of Macedonia in the past was the southernmost part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The current boundaries were established shortly after the Second World War, when the government of then Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia established the People’s Republic of Macedonia accepted the Macedonian one, and the region as a separate part out in Yugoslavia.

In the past, these countries found themselves under the rule of many ancient states and empires past. The best proof of this is Paionin, the kingdom of the ancient Macedonians (in whose name he got the name the entire region). Later, in 146 BC , The area became part of the Roman and Byzantine Empire, to become part of Christianity in the 3rd and 4th century. At the end of the 6th century Byzantine control over the area is reduced, and the region was conquered by pagan Slavic tribes from the north, followed assimilate postoechikte Greek, Latin, and Illyrian trakijski residents. In the 9th century the territory was transformed into Christianity through the activity of the holy brothers Cyril and Methodius and their students. In the same century the First Bulgarian Empire taken over control over most of this area. Byzantines ja taken full control of the Balkans in the early 11th century, but in the late 12th century by the Byzantine decline was born the Second Bulgarian Empire. Empire faced with complex political problems at the start, and

wider geographical region of Macedonia once again remained one under Byzantine rule, and in the 14th century became part of the Serbian Empire, only a few decades later fell under Ottoman rule, whose jurisdiction will remain the next five centuries.

After completing the two Balkan wars of 1912 and 1913 and the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, the wider region of Macedonia was divided between neighboring Greece, Bulgaria and Serbia. The territory of today’s Republic of Macedonia then beila named Caribbean Serbia, “Southern Serbia”. After World War Serbia joined the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Kingdom of SCS). In 1929, the kingdom was officially renamed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

In 1941, Yugoslavia was occupied by the strength of the axes and the territory of present-day Macedonia was divided between Bulgaria and the occupied part of Albania by Italians. The strict rule of the occupying forces encouraged many Macedonians to support the communist guerrilla movement of Josip Broz Tito. After the Second World War, when Tito became president of Yugoslavia, led to the establishment of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the People’s Republic of Macedonia became one of the six republics of the Yugoslav federation. Macedonia was one of the poorest regions of Yugoslavia with an economy primarily based on agriculture.

Macedonia later declared independence from Yugoslavia in 1991 and was the only Yugoslav republic that split without significant violence or armed conflicts. Macedonia remained at peace during the wars that occupy Yugoslavia in the early 1990s, but was significantly weakened by the war in Kosovo in 1999, when an estimated 360,000 ethnic Albanian refugees from Kosovo found refuge in a country of only 2,000,000. Although most left immediately after the war, Albanian radicals on both sides of the border have raised the rebellion to demand autonomy or independence for the Albanian settlements in that period Republikata.Vo short war was fought between the government and rebel Albanian citizens, mostly in the north and west of the country. This war ended with the intervention by NATO and termination of disagreements. Separation from Yugoslavia, a regional war decades, Greek trade embargo on the use of the name Macedonia, as well as the conflict in 2001 had devastating consequences on the Macedonian economy. Of working age population of 878 000 people left more than 318 000

unemployed. Although the economy is noted progress in recent years, GDP remains far below the level of achievements during the socialist period. Currently income per capita is about $ 1,800 a year.